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Vortrag von Jane Morgan am Donnerstag, 12.05.2011, 16-18 Uhr

Montag, 09. Mai 2011. Aus der Kategorie 'Vortragsreihe'. Das Sprachwissenschaftliche Institut lädt ein zu dem Vortrag von Jane Morgan (Sheffield): The relative contribution of orthography and phonology to visual word recognition: Evidence from a developmental study of SMS short-cut processing --
Theories differ in terms of the relative importance ascribed to phonological and orthographic processing during the early stages of visual word recognition (e.g., Coltheart et al., 2001; Frost, 1998; Whitney, 2001). To inform this debate we used SMS shortcuts commonly used in text message communication. These include straightforward abbreviations (e.g., msg, fwd) which orthographically are a contracted version of their real word counterpart. Other shortcuts are constructed such that their constituent characters reflect the underlying phonological segments they represent (e.g., L8-late, nta-enter). As a consequence these two types of SMS shortcuts enable us to isolate the role of orthography and phonology in visual word recognition. Two experiments compared the performance of intermediate readers (children aged 9-10 years) and adult skilled readers on a masked priming lexical decision task which explored whether the two types of SMS shortcuts primed their real word counterparts to the same extent as whole word primes (e.g., L8-LATE vs late-LATE and nxt-NEXT vs next-NEXT). A different pattern of results was found for children compared to adults. In terms of the phonologically plausible stimuli it was observed that for the children the SMS shortcuts primed their target words to the same extent as the real words. A smaller and less robust priming effect was found for these stimuli in the adult sample. For the abbreviation stimuli, however, the opposite pattern was observed. The adult data yielded a priming effect of the same magnitude for SMS shortcuts and real word stimuli. How-ever, the SMS shortcut primes were found to have no influence on the processing of the target words for the children. The findings are interpreted in terms of the decreasing reliance on the phonology as reading skill develops.

Der Vortrag findet in GB3/159 statt.